It is a mechanism normally used to deal with shareholder disputes. It offers minority shareholders a sale option over the majority shareholder and gives the majority shareholder an option to appeal the minority stakes. As can be seen, the shareholders` pact offers a flexible instrument to manage the risks and growth of a company. Through strategic management of the various facets of a shareholder pact, such as governance measures and interest transfer, it is an effective way to create a single framework for shareholders and the company. When developing a shareholder contract, it should be ensured that it is tailored to the interests of all parties involved in the context of the immediate and long-term future of the company. A shareholders` pact is, as they might expect, an agreement between the shareholders of a company. It may be between all shareholders or, in some cases, only a few (for example. B holders of a certain class of shares). The objective is to protect shareholder participation in the company, to strike the right balance between shareholders and to regulate the way the company is managed. Therefore, the advantage of negotiating a shareholder contract is the process that does so, as shareholders can better understand the objectives and direction of other shareholders and the company as a whole. In general, it is seen that for the agreement on the same thing one could accept an agreement to protect oneself after implementation under the agreed terms of the change in conditions.
From the point of view of the shareholders` pact, an agreement is reached between the shareholder and the company with regard to the investment, the allocation, the prohibition period, the conditions of investment, in order to safeguard the interests of the shareholders, because everyone wants written proof that he has invested in the capital of the company on the terms of the agreement. These rights give shareholders the right to maintain their current shareholding and avoid dilution. Among the most important factors to be taken into account in granting such rights are the minimum threshold of ownership, the issuance of securities that do not trigger pre-emption rights (i.e. shares of certain percentages or classes) and the impact of the law on the founders and their departure from the company. If unanimous decisions are required or if a veto is granted to certain shareholders, minority shares or certain shareholder interests may, with veto power, stop a deal and prevent the company from activity. A shareholders` pact is an agreement between the owners (shareholders) of a company. They can be comprehensive, addressing a large number of issues, or be limited to their scope and designed for specific purposes. There are two types of shareholder agreements: the hard rights of the first refusal require licensees to first solicit a good faith offer from a third party before the shares are offered to other shareholders of the company. This can complicate the sale of shares, as few third-party investors want to try to make an offer to get nothing. The flexible rights of the first refusal require the selling shareholder to first make an offer to other shareholders and, if they refuse to buy, the shares can then be offered to third parties.