Mr. 2017: The government triggers Article 50 to start the withdrawal process. After the second defeat of May`s divorce agreement, the European Council met in Brussels on 21 March to decide what to do next. EU leaders have given May two options: postpone Brexit until 22 May if MPs vote in favour of the withdrawal deal, or postpone it until 12 April if they vote against the deal. If the deal fails again in Parliament, May could ask for a lengthy extension. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. June 2016: The UK votes to leave the European Union in a referendum. This provides that the UK is legally obliged to leave the EU at the end of next month and negotiate an agreement on future relations with the EU by the end of 2020, as part of a “transitional period”. MPs voted at second reading on the government`s withdrawal agreement. With Boris Johnson`s 80-person majority, the bill was passed with a comfortable lead, with 358 votes and 234 against. Sarah Champion, Rosie Cooper, Jon Cruddas, Toby Perkins.
Grahame Morris (as expected) and Emma Lewell Buck (as has already been reported) voted for the #brexit (#wab) Bill Lewell Buck voted in favor of the program application on @UKLabour benches “There is a very clear, objective is determined to honour these votes, to honour the outcome of the general elections and to ensure that we leave Europe on the evening of 31 January at 2300, and I look forward to voting tonight for third reading.” Parliament voted on the degree to which the United Kingdom would join the European Union. Specific issues that have been voted on include the UK`s opt-out under the European Union`s police and criminal law measures and the creation of a European Union External Action Service. On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   At his meeting, Mr. Johnson stated that he wanted to reach an “extended free trade agreement for goods and services and cooperation in other areas.” Asa Bennett, of the Telegraph, tweeted some images of the Prime Minister signing copies of the withdrawal agreement for MPs: if all these phases go according to plan at Westminster, the European Parliament is expected to ratify the withdrawal agreement on 29 January, meaning the UK will be able to leave the bloc two days later.