On July 19, 1953, delegates reached agreement on all members of the agenda.  July 27, 1953 at 10 a.m.m. The ceasefire was signed by Nam IL, delegate of the KPA and the VPA, and William K. Harrison Jr., UNC delegate.  Twelve hours after the signing of the document, all the rules approved by the ceasefire began.  The agreement provided for oversight by an international commission. The Neutral Nations Monitoring Commission (NNSC) was set up to prevent reinforcements from being brought to Korea, either additional military personnel or new weapons, and inspection teams of NNSC members from Czechoslovakia, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland are deployed throughout Korea.  At dawn on 25 June 1950 (24 June in the United States and Europe), 90,000 communist troops of the People`s Army of North Korea invaded South Korea by the 38th parallel, completely destabilized the republic of Korea`s troops and threw them into a hasty withdrawal from the South. On the afternoon of June 25, the UN Security Council held an emergency meeting and approved a U.S. resolution calling for an “immediate cessation of hostilities” and the withdrawal of North Korean forces at the 38th parallel. At that time, the USSR boycotted the Security Council because of the UN`s refusal to host the People`s Republic of China, thus missing its chance to veto the resolution and other important UN resolutions.
Korea was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the last days of World War II. In August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan following an agreement with the United States and liberated Korea north of the 38th parallel. U.S. forces then deployed to the South. In 1948, Korea was divided into two separate governments as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. Both claimed to be the legitimate government of Korea and neither side accepted the border as sustainable. The civil war escalated into an open war when North Korean troops, backed by the Soviet Union and China, moved south on June 25, 1950 to unify the country. On that day, the UN Security Council recognized the North Korean action as an invasion and called for an immediate ceasefire. 21 UN countries ultimately contributed to the defence of South Korea, with the United States providing 88% of the UN military personnel. On the North Korean side, Josef Stalin prepared and initiated the invasion and created “detailed war plans” communicated to the North Koreans. The signed ceasefire established a “complete cessation of all hostilities in Korea by all armed men which should be imposed by the commanders of both sides.
However, the ceasefire is merely a ceasefire between the armed forces and not an agreement between governments to normalize relations.  No formal peace treaty has been signed and normalized relations have not been restored. The ceasefire founded the Military Dearcation Line (MDL) and the DMZ. The DMZ was agreed as a 4.0 km wide buffer zone between the two Korean nations.  The DMZ follows the Kansas Line, where the two sides clashed at the time of the signing of the ceasefire. The DMZ is currently the most defended national border in the world from 2018. [Citation required] As communism spread over Europe and Asia, the United States entered an era of paranoia known as the “Red Terror.” Joseph McCarthy, a Republican senator from Wisconsin, suddenly got himsed on his dramatic charges of communist espionage and influence in the U.S. government. Beginning with a dramatic 1950 speech in Wheeling, West Virginia, McCarthy used his position to often make sensational accusations of communist infiltration at the Department of Foreign Affairs, the Democratic government of President Harry S.